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Chronology

Chronology

1940

MonthSubject
AprilDenmark is occupied by german forces in “Operation Weserübung”.
A temporary heavy AA-battery is the placed on the cape.
The foundations for the 17 cm. guns (1/MAA 118) is commenced south of Hanstholm.
SeptemberThe decision of placing four heavy 38 cm guns in Hanstholm is taken by Hitler.
OctoberThe position of the 38 cm battery is decided.
NovemberBuilding the big emplacements for the 38 cm guns is commenced.

1941

MonthSubject
JanuaryA heavy 7,5 cm AA-battery is the placed to protect the construction site.
February“Marine Artillerie Abteilung 118 (MAA 118) is formed.
The contruction work is delayed due to the hard winter.
Building the Fire Control bunker for 2/MAA 118 is started.
Another six 2,0 cm AA guns is placed to protect the area around 2/MAA 118.
AprilThe first two 38 cm guns barrels arrives at the construction site.
MayGun number 3 and 4 is declared “Ready to Fire !!”.
An Infantery company of 250 men from the german army is attached to 2/MAA 118 for close protection.
JuneCampagn against Soviet Union is started under the codename “Operation Barbarossa”.
JulyThe last two 38 cm gun barrels arrives.
A radar type FuMO 2 for fire control support is placed.
AugustGun number 1 and 2 in the battery is declared “Ready to Fire !!”.
SeptemberShooting practice with alle four guns in 2/MAA 118.
OctoberAdditional four 3,7 cm AA guns is placed in the area around 2/MAA 118.
DecemberThe fire control bunker for 2/MAA 118 is reported operational.

1942

MonthSubject
MarchHitler issues “Führerbefehl 40” regarding that the costal defence shall be kept at any price.
AugustThe first houses in Hansted are cleared and the inhabitants are relocated.
NovemberThe german forces demands that all houses in Hansted to be cleared.

1943

MonthSubject
AugustThe cooperation between the danish government and the occupying german forces collapses and the government resigns. The cooperation with the german forces is now solely maintained by danish civil servants. 
NovemberHitler issues “Führerbefehl 51” where the invasion defences gets first priority.
DecemberGFM Rommel inspects the “Atlantic Wall” in Denmark and also “Verteidigungsbereich Hansted”.

1944

MonthSubject
JuneThe allied forces starts the invasion of Europe in Normandy, France. 
JulyAn assassination attempt against Hitler in “Wolfs Lair”, Rastenburg fails.

1945

MonthSubject
MayThe german forces in Holland, Northwest Germany and Denmark capitulates. 
JuneThe mine sweeping in the Thy area starts.
AugustMine sweeping in Thy area is completed.

1946

MonthSubject
JuneThe installations is being dismantled of all useful equipment and weapons.
The evacuated inhabitants are allowed to return to their houses in Hansted again.

1951

MonthSubject
JulyThe decision to scrap the 38 cm batteries is taken and the work to do so begins.

1952

MonthSubject
AugustThe scrap of the 38 cm batteries is completed and all the iron parts is sold.

2000

MonthSubject
MarchBuilding the documentation center is started and is planned to be finished in summer 2002.

2002

MonthSubject
JuneThe documentation center is opened by Her Majesty Queen Margrethe 2.

2004

MonthSubject
DecemberThe “Tuborg Fundation” funds the transport of  a 38 cm gun barrel from “Tøjhusmuseet” in Copenhagen to Museumscenter Hanstholm.

2005

MonthSubject
MayThe 38 cm gun barrel is moved from Copenhagen to Hanstholm.
JuneThe 38 cm gun barrel is inaugurated on its new location.